territoriality, and sovereignty in Africa’, CODESRIA Bulletin (): Mbome, F.X. () ‘Les relations entre le Cameroun et le Nigeria: L’affaire Bakassi’. Affaire Bakassi: genèse, évolution et dénouement de l’affaire de la frontière terrestre et maritime Cameroun-Nigeria (). Responsibility: Guy Roger . “Les Relations entre le Cameroon et le Nigeria: 1’affaire Bakassi,” Afrique , no. 25 () The author reviews the long-standing territorial dispute.
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Nigeria and Cameroon have disputed the possession of Bakassi for some years, leading to considerable tension between the two countries.
Fishermen displaced from Bakassi were first settled in a landlocked area bakassk New Bakassi, which they claimed was already inhabited and not suitable for fishermen like them but only for farmers. Nigeria began to withdraw its forces, comprising some 3, troops, beginning 1 Augustand a ceremony on 14 August marked the formal handover of the northern part of the peninsula. Most of the population make their living through fishing.
The remainder stayed under Nigerian civil authority for two more years. In the two countries went to the brink of war over Bakassi and another area around Lake Chadat the other end of the two countries’ common border.
This enabled the British Empire to exercise bakassi over the entire territory around Calabar, including Bakassi.
At least eight multinational oil companies have participated in the exploration of the peninsula and its offshore waters. The territory subsequently became de facto part of Nigeriaalthough the border was never permanently delineated.
This secession was announced on 9 Julyas the “Democratic Republic of Bakassi”. The ICJ judgment was backed up by the United Nationswhose charter potentially allowed sanctions or even the use of force to enforce the court’s ruling.
The verdict caused consternation in Nigeria. The population of Bakassi is the subject of some dispute, but is generally put at betweenandpeople.
Bakassi – Wikipedia
However, the area has aroused considerable interest from oil companies in the light of the discovery of rich reserves of high grade crude oil in Nigeria. Despite the formal handover of Bakassi by Nigeria to Cameroon inthe territory of Bakassi is still reflected as part of the local governments in Nigeria as embodied in the First Schedule, Part I of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Archived from the original on 22 April The line was drawn through the Cross River estuary atfaire the west of the peninsula, thereby implying Cameroonian ownership over Bakassi.
It instructed Nigeria to transfer possession of the peninsula, but did not require the inhabitants to move or to change their nationality. Retrieved from ” https: Bakassi is a peninsula on the Gulf of Guinea.
This has made significant progress, but the process has been complicated by the opposition of Bakassi’s inhabitants to being transferred to Cameroon. The momentum achieved must be sustained. The peninsula is commonly described as “oil-rich”, though in fact no commercially viable deposits of oil have been discovered.
Affqire pointed to the Anglo-German treaty ofwhich defined sphere of control in the region, as well as two agreements signed in the s between Cameroon and Nigeria. Retrieved 26 April These two ocean currents interact, creating huge foamy breakers which constantly advance towards the shore, and building submarine shoals rich in fish, shrimps, and a wide variety of other marine life forms.
Obasanjo agreed to withdraw Nigerian troops within 60 days and to leave the territory completely in Cameroonian control within the next two years. Views Read Edit Affair history.
Retrieved 18 January Secretary-General Kofi Annan stepped in as a mediator and chaired a tripartite summit with the two countries’ presidents on 15 Novemberwhich established a commission to facilitate the peaceful implementation bqkassi the ICJ’s judgement. The Nigerian government did not, however, openly reject the judgment but instead called for an agreement that would provide “peace with honour, with the interest and welfare of our people.
It aroused vitriolic comments from Bakasso officials and the Nigerian media alike. Retrieved 5 November It is governed by Cameroonfollowing the transfer of sovereignty from neighbouring Nigeria as a result of a judgment by the International Court of Justice.
Matters arisingNigeriaworld. This makes the Bakassi area a very fertile fishing ground, comparable only to Newfoundland in North America and Scandinavia in Western Europe. Cameroon was thus given a substantial Nigerian population and was required to protect their rights, infrastructure and welfare.
This page was last edited on 5 Novemberat The decision was reportedly made at a meeting on 2 July and The Vanguard newspaper of Nigeria reported the decision to secede.