The grand Hampi was reduced to a wasteland. Even today, it is known by the tragic Kannada moniker, Haalu Hampi (Ruined Hampi). And this. The Battle of Talikota (or Tellikota) (January 26, ) constituted a watershed battle fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Deccan. The Battle of Talikota is one of the most important battles in South Asia’s long history.

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The decisive battle proved brief and bitter.

Battle of Talikota

Aliya Rama Rayas’ practice of nominating family relatives to key positions of the former kingdom, instead of loyal officers, fueled family feuds and rebellion. The Battle of Talikotain which the Muslim sultanates demolished batlte armies of Vijayanagar, may hold the key to explaining the fall. In Murari Rao launched a sudden plundering operation and the head of a large Muslim army.

To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats. The Sultan hurried back to renew the siege.

Battle of Talikota (1565 AD)

That gave the them an edge. They met at Talikota situated on the alluvial banks of the Krishna River, in present day Karnataka state, between the two villages Rakkasa and Tangadi. He made Penukonda his capital and started lf fortifying it to prepare for a major defensive war. Those who remained loyal to the throne followed them. Rama Raya had ordered his soldiers to capture Qutb shah and Adil shah and behead Nizam shah. He sent a delegation to the Shah stating that he was suing peace and accepting him as the overlord of the conquered territory.


Men, women and children were killed. Tirumala then initiated negotiations with the Nayakas of Gingee, Tanjavur and Madurai and unified them to his cause of the defense of the South against the Turushkas.

The battle seems to have been decided by the Muslim artillery and the capture and execution of the ruling Hindu minister Rama Raya. Battle of Talikota Indian history. In the Tamil country Nayakas of Madurai, Tanjavur btatle Gingee established independent kingdoms, which to a great extant restored local stability in these regions.

Vijayanagar; A Contribution to the History of India”. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Tirumala fell upon him with his full force and in a short but intense encounter destroyed the Sultan’s army and sent him fleeing for life. Several cannon shells landed near Ramaraya’s elephant and he fell from it as his mount was struck by a cannon shard.

A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Ibrahim Qutb Shah was furious and decided to settle the matters himself and invaded Kondavidu with the rest of his army and took the fort.

Pillage and the plunder of Vijayanagara followed.

Some Kannada-speaking regions became part of Hyderabad Karnataka ruled by the Batyle of Hyderabad and Bombay Presidency governed by Maratha chieftains all of whom came under the British umbrella.

However, the Hindu chiefs remained much disunited and after his death there was a long period of internal instability. The Brahmins met at Tirupati to use to wealth from temple donations for organizing a national defense against the Muslims. But by Adil Shah had vastly strengthened his army and fortified Adoni as a base to launch a “non-stop war” on the Vijayanagarans. Tirumala Deva Raya, seeing the rout, fled to Vijayanagara and talilota up the treasury on elephants fled south towards Penukonda.


At the critical point of the war, Muslim officers in the Vijayanagara army launched a subversive attack. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. Next Battle of Tannenberg Despite all these disadvantages, the greatest factor was the betrayal of the Vijaynagara Army by two Muslim commanders Gilani Brothers.

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First, they softened up the primary lines of bagtle Vijayanagara army using cannon fire. Some minor Hindu kingdoms who held grudges against the Vijayanagara Empire aided the sultanates. The Hindus fell upon the Muslim army and soundly trashed it. The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here:.

Muslim horsemen roved over the countryside extorting money and goods from the people. Fourth, the Sultanate armies had a much better prepared artillery division manned by gunners from Turkestan, at that time considered the best at artillery warfare, while Vijayanagara depended on less well trained European mercenaries.

In addition, the Vijayanagara army felt overconfident, using seven foot long spears and javelins while the Sultanate armies used fifteen foot long spears while riding horse back, giving them a clear advantage. The battle ended in a complete victory for the sultanates, with the raja being beheaded and taikota on display pf a trophy.