The Complutensian Polyglot​—A Historic Translation Tool. IN ABOUT , there was a revolution in Bible publishing. Johannes Gutenberg used a printing. The Complutensian Polyglot Bible was the first printed Polyglot of the entire Bible , produced and sanctioned by the Catholic Church. In contrast, the earlier. But the Complutensian Polyglot is one of the most remarkable Bibles ever published. In Cardinal Francisco Ximenez de Cisneros brought together in .

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There was a problem with your submission. The writer of the preface says the Latin is like Christ on the cross with two thieves the Hebrew and Greek on either side.

Complutensian Polyglot Bible

Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications cokplutensian needed. You can see the first page of Exodus with all five text blocks here. Francis, the bishop of Rome and the leader of the Roman Catholic Church —.

The book represents the height of Spanish typographic achievement in the 16th century. Cardinal Cisneros died in Julyfive months after the Polyglot’s completion, and never saw its publication.

The New Testament was completed in and the entire Bible inbut its publication was delayed until after the pope gave his approval.

During the expulsion many learned Spanish Jews converted to Christianity which gave them license to remain in Spain.

But, what price freedom? At great personal expense, Cardinal Cisneros acquired many manuscripts and invited the top religious scholars of the day, to work on the ambitious task of compiling a massive and complete polyglot “to revive the languishing study of the Sacred Scriptures”.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles: We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. The Complutensian Polyglot Bible was published as a six-volume set. There are very few leaves available. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.


It was in Alcala, Spain, that Cardinal Jimenez undertook to challenge the corrupted text of the Latin Vulgate by assembling extremely learned men of trilingual learning in Hebrew, Greek and Latin. They were skilled in Hebrew, Aramaic and other middle eastern languages that permitted Cardinal Jimenez to have a reservoir of learning at his disposal that would be essential to the C-P. Esfera de los Libros. The customary answer to this debate was to ask religious authorities to examine the translation and cross-check different translations to Castillian, but that in turn created a debate about the qualifications of the religious authority itself to properly translate from the original sources.

Complutensian Polyglot Bible – Wikipedia

His Greek characters are considered the most beautiful ever carved. Views Read Edit View history. In John Gutenberg invented the printing press with moveable type. In order to print the book, Brocar had to create new and highly perfected complytensian for Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. Of the six-volume sets which were printed, only are known to have survived to date.

Title page of Complutensian Polyglot courtesy of American Bible Society The New Testament was completed in and the entire Bible inbut its publication was delayed until after the pope gave his approval.

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Institution National Library of Spain. Volume four contains the New Testament, in Greek and Latin. The Printing of Greek in the Fifteenth Century. The Greek of the Septuagint in the inner column and the Latin Vulgate in the center. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered.

Complutensian Polyglot Bible Old Testament New Testament

Although precise information regarding who produced which section is lacking, it is known that aroundCardinal Cisneros, who was surrounded by experts and scholars specializing in a wide array of languages, polyglott on the great task of producing polyylot work.

Text From Volume 4. It would be difficult to do this today with a computer. Complutensian Polyglot Bible Written By: But the Complutensian Polyglot is one of the most remarkable Bibles ever published.


Thank You for Your Contribution! Cardinal Jimenez was that person, chosen by God, to lead, assemble, encourage and energize his team of devoted men who would by virtue of the end product, a six volume work, that would become the foundation for the Renaissance throughout Europe and England. Contact our editors with your feedback. One of the answers to this debate was the polyglot bible, which Cisneros hoped would end the issue forever.

Second part of the Old Testament in Hebrew and Greek language, each provided with its Latin translation, now printed for the first time.

Complutensian Polyglot Bible – World Digital Library

The upper three-quarters of the pages are divided in three columns that contain the Greek text in the left column; the text of the Latin Vulgate in the middle column; and the Hebrew text in the right column. Help us improve this article!

The works started on and took 15 years to be completed. The oversight behind the C-P project was granted to Cardinal Jimenez. It was a difficult and arduous process that required more than ten years. He is regarded by…. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources.

Ignorant men refused to even think of the Vulgate as a corrupted text. Opponents of the C-P were unrelenting in their desires to defeat the project.

Some important and interesting facts about the Complutensian Polyglot: Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. Description The Complutensian Polyglot Bible is the first multilingual printed edition of the entire Bible.