Diodorus Siculus fl. 1st century BC) or Diodorus of Sicily was a Greek historian. He is known for writing the monumental universal history Bibliotheca historica. Diodorus Siculus, Greek historian of Agyrium in Sicily, ca. 80–20 BCE, wrote forty books of world history, called Library of History, in three parts: mythical history. Diodorus opens the Fourth Book \^ith a defence of Diodorus took generously from a Praise of Heracles Uterary sources, a history of Sicily and the western.

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Possibilities include DemophilusDiyllusDuris of Samos and Theopompus ; contradictions in his account suggest that he was following multiple sources simultaneously and did not succeed in combining them perfectly. Bibliothecameaning ‘library’, acknowledges that he was drawing on the work of many other authors. Some of these javelins come from the forge straight, others twist in and out in spiral shapes for their entire length, the purpose being that the thrust may not only cut the flesh, but bibliothwca it as well, and that the withdrawal of the spear may lacerate the wound.

Hidtorica islands in the Southern Ocean: For other uses, see Diodorus disambiguation.

The thicker the border, the more information. Acrotatus, tyrant of Sicily. The earliest extant manuscript of Bibliotheca historica is from about 10th century. In the second half he presents the history of the country, its customs and religion, in a highly respectful tone.

War between Sparta and Thebes, ending with the Theban victory of Leuctra. In the Bibliotheca historicaDiodorus sets out to write a universal history, covering the entire world and all periods of time. The faults of Diodorus arise partly from the nature of the undertaking, and the awkward form of annals into which he has thrown the historca portion of his narrative.

Diodorus Siculus: Historical Library

Xerxes invades Greece and is defeated. Demetrius against Ptolemy; Agathocles master of most of Sicily.

Diodorus shows no knowledge that Egypt became a Roman province—which transpired in 30 BC—so presumably he published his completed work before that event. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The manner, then, in which bibliotyeca Iberians mine and work the silver is in part as follows.


However, his English translator, Charles Henry Oldfatherremarks on the “striking coincidence” [2] that one of only siculs known Greek inscriptions from Agyrium Inscriptiones Graecae XIV, is the tombstone of one “Diodorus, the son of Apollonius”.

Finally he describes the islands of H iera and Panchaea in the southern ocean, and the Greek islands. For around their wrists and arms they wear bracelets, around their necks heavy necklaces of solid gold, 29 and huge rings they wear as well, and even corselets of gold.

LacusCurtius • Diodorus Siculus — Book V Chapters 19‑40

Greek Wikisource has original text related to this article: The largest one of those which flow into our waters is the Rhone, which has its sources in the Alps and empties diodorsu the sea by five mouths. And a peculiar and strange custom obtains among them: Likewise, because they also availed themselves of powerful naval forces and were masters of the sea over a long period, they caused the sea along Italy to be named Tyrrhenian after them; and because they also perfected the organization of land forces, they were diodorjs inventors of the salpinxas it is called, a discovery of the greatest usefulness for war and named after them the “Tyrrhenian trumpet.

And a man may well marvel at the inventiveness of the craftsman, 52 in connection not only with this invention but with many other greater ones as well, the fame of which has encompassed the entire inhabited world and of which we shall give a detailed and precise account when we come to the period of Archimedes.

Gaul is inhabited by many tribes of different size; for the largest number some two hundred thousand men, and the smallest fifty thousand, one of the diororus 25 standing on terms of kinship and friendship with the Romans, a relationship which has endured from ancient times down to our own day.


Carthage’s Mercenary War; Carthaginian advances in Iberia. Views Read Edit View history.

LacusCurtius • Diodorus Siculus

Books twenty-one to forty, which brought the work down to Diodorus’ own lifetime, terminating around 60 BC, are mostly lost. The end has been lost, so it is unclear whether Diodorus reached the beginning of the Gallic War as he promised at the beginning of his work or, as evidence suggests, old and tired from his labours he stopped short at 60 BC. So far indeed did the merchants go in their greed that, in case their boats were fully laden and there still remained a great amount of silver, they would hammer the lead off the anchors and have the silver perform the service of the lead.

After that the two areas again diverge, with the Greek narrative covering the Decelean War down to the battles of Arginusae and Aigospotami, The peoples who dwell in the interior above Massalia, those on the slopes of the Alps, and those on this side the Pyrenees mountains are called Celts, whereas the peoples who are established above this land of Celtica in the parts which stretch to the north, both along the ocean and along the Hercynian Mountain, and all the peoples who come after these, as far as Scythia, are known as Gauls; the Romans, however, include all these nations together under a single name, calling them one and all Gauls.

The career of Alexander: The service at the meals is performed by the youngest children, both male and female, who are of suitable age; and near at hand are their fireplaces heaped with coals, and on them are caldrons and spits holding whole pieces of meat.