Annex: Where Referral I s Not Possible, and WHO guidelines for inpatient care. DANGERSIGNS,COUGH. DIARRHOEA. ASSESS AND CLASSIFY. 3. The IMNCI clinical guidelines target children less than 5 years old — the age group that bears the highest burden of deaths from common childhood diseases. Operational Guidelines for F-IMNCI, PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer ( KB). Participants Manual.
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Classification enables you to decide what exactly is wrong with the child. This study session outlines the guidelines for counselling mothers and other caregivers, something which you will also look at in more detail in Study Session 14 of this Module. Integrated Management of newborn and Childhood Illness Module: A significant number of babies were suckling deep and well in the post-intervention period. All rights falling outside the terms of the Creative Commons licence are retained or controlled by The Open University.
Self-Assessment Questions SAQs for Study Session 1 Now that you have completed this study session, you can assess how well you have achieved its Learning Outcomes by answering these questions. A child with a general danger sign has a serious problem. Proprietary content must be used retained intact and in context to the content at all times.
Guideilnes management of the young infant aged from birth up to two months is somewhat different from the management of older infants and children, it is described on a different chart:. A child with any general danger sign should be referred urgently after receiving urgent pre-referral treatment. You will learn more about follow-up visits in all of the study sessions in this Module.
Try to explain why each of these steps is essential and must not be missed out, using your own words. You can see the relevant information from imnnci case study has been recorded. There are reports available on the overall impact on infant mortality rate as a result of implementation of IMNCI strategy guixelines many developing countries.
In these stances, unless stated otherwise, the content may be used for personal and non-commercial use. In Case Study 5. A child with a general danger sign or a severe classification should be referred immediately to the health centre after giving appropriate pre-referral treatments.
It was observed that, with the increase in parity up to 3, the number of mothers adopting correct position and attachment increased in the post-intervention period. See also if the child is convulsing now. For recording post-intervention observations, we contacted 25 mothers in our second visit after a gap of 10 days, 5 mothers in our third visit after a gap of 15 days, and 2 mothers could not be contacted.
Feasibility Study of IMNCI Guidelines on Effective Breastfeeding in a Rural Area of North India
Since IMNCI takes a holistic approach to assessing, classifying and treating childhood illnesses it is important to look for general danger signs as well as symptoms and signs of specific childhood illnesses.
You would complete the rest of the IMNCI assessment and refer her urgently after giving the necessary pre-referral ijnci for her classifications, including treatment to prevent low blood sugar.
However, if the child is sleeping and has cough or signs of difficult breathing, you must count the number of breaths first before you try to wake the child because it is easier to count the exact breathing rate when the child is calm. She had not been vomiting.
She was not convulsing but was lethargic. You will learn more about this later in this study session. Look to see if the child is swallowing the breastmilk or water. The IMNCI guidelines are designed for the management of sick children from birth up to five years old. When you ask the mother if buidelines child is able to drink, make sure that she understands the question.
Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI) | PSM Made Easy
She lives in a high malaria risk area. Does Salem have any danger signs? And finally, follow-up is to ensure the iknci continues to improve. This study session has introduced you to the IMNCI case management process and outlined the importance of this in helping giudelines reduce death, illness and disability for babies and children in your community.
Treatment is what will get the child better and may include referral to a hospital. IMNCI aims to reduce death, illness and disability, and to promote improved growth and development among children under five years of age.
The child may guideoines blankly and appear not to notice what is going on around him. To feed the baby, the mother had to lift her kameej to her chest and hold it with gudielines one hand.
The health worker clapped her hands. Received Sep 3; Accepted Oct A child who is breastfed may have difficulty sucking when his nose is blocked. It is important because Ethiopia has a very high infant mortality rate.