Childhood Illness (IMNCI). Strategy for India practices. Essential components of IMNCI . module, chart booklet, photo booklet and video) developed for. Introduction. 1. Introduce Facility Based Care. 6. Introduce Module 1. 6. Participants read: Introduction-Module 1. 6. Demonstration: Chart 1. 6. IMNCI Training Modules – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online.
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Fatuma stared blankly and appeared not to notice what was going on around her.
Does the child vomit everything? All children aged two months up to five years should be checked first for the five general danger signs: This study session has introduced you to the IMNCI case management process and outlined the importance of this in helping to reduce death, illness and disability for babies and children in your community.
The general danger signs are signs of serious illness that are seen in children aged two months up to five years and will need immediate action to save the life of the child. Self-Assessment Questions SAQs for Study Session 1 Now modle you have completed this study session, you can assess how well you have achieved its Learning Outcomes by answering these questions. The guidelines give instructions for how to routinely assess a child for general danger signs or imci bacterial infection kmnci a young infantcommon illnesses, malnutrition and anaemia, and to look for other problems.
The remaining study sessions in this module will explain to you how to assess and treat children and young infants with a range of conditions, including:. Most children with a general danger sign need u rgent referral to hospital. She had not had convulsions during this illness. If a child requires urgent referral, give essential treatment before the patient is transferred.
A child with a general danger sign has a serious problem.
If a child should be immunized, give immunizations. A child who vomits everything will not be imncii to hold down food, fluids or oral drugs.
Is the child able to drink or breastfeed? We have also identified as Proprietary other material included in the content which is not subject to Creative Commons Licence.
Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI)
Whether it is an initial or follow-up visit, the mother may well be feeling anxious and it is important that you put her at her ease.
When you have completed the above steps, you should record what you have found on the sick child case recording form. And why is it necessary for you, as a Health Extension Practitioner, to understand how it works? IMNCI will enable you to help reduce the number of babies and children in your community who become ill or die. You will learn more about follow-up visits in all of the study sessions in this Module.
Salem is 15 months old. The clinical guidelines are designed for the management of sick children aged from birth up to five years. Up to five years means the child has not yet had his or her fifth birthday. The Acknowledgements section is used to list, amongst other things, third party Proprietarylicensed content which is not subject to Creative Commons licensing.
You would complete the rest of imcni IMNCI assessment and refer her urgently after giving the necessary pre-referral treatments for her classifications, including treatment to prevent low blood sugar. Ask the mother if the child seems unusually sleepy or if she cannot wake the child.
She lives in a high malaria risk area. For example, the guidelines do not describe the management of trauma or other acute emergencies due to accidents or imnfi. As shown in Figure 1.
As you read in the introduction, the core of the IMNCI strategy is integrated case management of the most common childhood problems, with a focus on the most important causes of death. Assess feeding, including assessment of breastfeeding practices, and counsel to solve any feeding problems found. If the child has a general danger sign you should complete the rest of the assessment process immediately. Follow-up care When a child is brought back to the health post as requested, give follow-up care and, if necessary, reassess the child for new problems.
Improving the health systems. She asked the mother to shake the child.
A child with any general danger sign should be referred urgently after receiving urgent pre-referral treatment. OU logos, trading names and may extend to certain photographic and video images and sound recordings and any other material as may be brought to your attention. IMNCI is a strategy that integrates all available measures for health promotion, prevention and integrated management of childhood diseases through their early detection and effective treatment, and promotion of healthy habits within the family imni community.
When using the content you must attribute us The Open University the OU and any identified author in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Licence.
The child may stare blankly modle appear not to notice what is going on around imnvi. The child may lose consciousness or not be able to respond to spoken directions. If a child needs treatment at home, develop an integrated treatment plan for the child and give the first dose of drugs in the clinic. This will tell you which chart you should use to assess, classify and determine the correct treatment and follow-up care. The health worker checked Salem for general danger signs.
Therefore, teaching families when to seek care for a sick child is an important part of the case management process and is a crucial part of your role as a Health Extension Practitioner.
Case management can only be effective to the extent that families bring their sick children to a trained health worker such as you for care in a timely way. Ask the caregiver to return for follow-up on a specific date, and teach her how to recognise signs that indicate the child should return immediately to the health post.
In these stances, unless stated otherwise, the content may be used for personal and non-commercial use. Has the child had convulsions? Answer It is important because Ethiopia has a very high infant mortality rate.
Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI) | PSM Made Easy
Often the lethargic child does not look at his mother or watch your face when you talk. Fatuma opened her eyes, but did not look around. If the child is not yet two months of age, the child is considered a young infant.
This may include several illnesses. The presence of a general danger sign indicates a severe classification and the need for urgent mdoule. Make sure that any infant or child with any danger sign is referred after receiving urgent pre-referral treatment.