A settlement scaled, innovative research work was done in Germany, which treated all types of building based on the ‘Leitfaden – Energienutzungsplan’ (‘ Guide. Ph.D. Dissertation. Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart. Gerhard Hausladen and Thomas Hamacher. Leitfaden Energienutzungsplan. (Feb. ). Piet Hensel. heit (), Leitfaden Energienutzungsplan. Teil 1: Be- stands- und Potentialanalyse. Munich, pp.  Haselmayr, T. [University of Augsburg] ( ), Erneuer-.
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Based on this, the research paper treated only the residential sector as the main potential heating energy consumer. The city not only expanded, but its urban areas actually exceeded city borders and spread to cadastral parcels of neighboring cities . In parallel with collection of the visual data in form of maps, plans, also statistical data was gathered. Map of residential buildings spread throughout urban area of Prishtina, based on building typology source: As a result, the heating demand by the residential sector in city of Prishtina remains high and also the resources used for the heating remain to be non- efficient, destructive for nature and the environment.
A considerable part of energy consumption, electrical, natural resources, district heating etc. This work has ensrgienutzungsplan been supported by Prof.
This value represents the approximate demand for heating energy by the residential sector, which is connected to the district heating system. Based on the calculation it was presumable to find the final energy consumption of Investigation of the energy poverty risk with building mechatronics, International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering, Vol.
Firstly, the urban integral zones of the city of Prishtina were identified Fig. Help Center Find new research papers in: The main subject of the research was to use all available data, based on which it was possible to hypothesize the actual energy consumption for heating the residential buildings, in measurable unit. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Log In Sign Up. These first results can be used as a basis of the first district scaled energy modeling of the city of Pristhina.
As a consequence of various problems accumulated, the urban sprawl phenomenon was inevitable. Urban Development Plan of Prishtina source: Considering the fact that the energy production in Kosovo is not sufficient in relation with the everyday demand and at the same time the growth of the energy demand based on different resources is evident, a detailed analysis and identification of the energy performance of this sector is inevitable.
Prishtina as a capital of Republic of Kosovo, represent the biggest city in terms of economy, development and specially population growth and migration. By applying the energy management method, developed by Prof. Actual land use within the urban zone in Prishtina, source Municipality of Prishtina, Urban development plan of Prishtina source: This Guide for energy use plan fit to this research work perfectly after some method modifications.
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The research results could help future research works to clarify and calculate more precise energy demand for heating by the dwellings categorized in typology, year of construction.
The heating demand of Tabula-residential building typologies in 12 European countries, good practice example from the Czech Republic, Central European Towards Sustainable BuildingDecision-support tools and assessment methods,pp. Phases in the creation of an energy use plan, source: Chart of residential buildings spreading in urban and rural zones of Prishtina Municipality source: Implementing a simplified calculation from which the total consumption may derive the hypothesized heating energy demand by residential sector in city of Prishtina.
H – Detached houses; SD. Conclusion The heating load of dwellings in city of Prishtina results to be high in comparison with EU standards and specific building quality standards as passive-house and low energy house. One of the main components that cause the energy demand in residential sector is the heating energy demand.
Energy calculations based on statistical data Meanwhile it was possible to collect appropriate quality and quantity of data for residential buildings and dwellings, heating resource used by dwellings, structuring the data and categorizing all the information into tables and graphs.
The phenomena of urban sprawl, study case of city of Prishtina, Ed. Based on official statistical data, Prishtina is the most enerigenutzungsplan city in Kosovo withinhabitants .
Identifying the main neighborhoods was vital for this phase of the research because it facilitated the identification of residential zones within the city of Prishtina in general Fig. Kosovo Agency of Statistics [4, pp. According to the official anticipation, the residential sector will cover around The energy resource and heating systems used by the residential sector in city of Prishtina are diverse.
After the creation of residential building typology zones, it was possible to identify the spreading of different residential building types within the urban zone of Prishtina and creates a map of residential building spread based on typology Fig. In the southern part of the city, big residential areas dominate, for example Dardania and Ulpiana neighborhoods, while the other parts of the city are dominated by the individual mixed houses of the different ranges .
Gerhard Hausladen [10, pp. Based on the abovementioned and other numerous facts regarding the energy production, resources and energy demand, it is inevitable and urgent to seek for alternative solutions of energy production and reduction of the actual energy consumption. Edmond Hajrizi, Durres, Albania, November,http: The heated area by the district heating was identified by the Municipality of Prishtina, according to which there are m2 of heated area only in residential sector [8, pp.
Based on the nature of this research, the methods and the data gathering consist of entirely quantitative and statistical data gathering.
Essential for this phase of particular research was the determination of the exact number of residential buildings and dwellings.
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Particular methodology included a number of steps, whir are divided into 4 main leitfadsn. So at this energienutzungsplzn it was essential to identify the energy consumption in measurable unit, of one of the resources, so it was possible to calculate the consumption for each heating resource presented in the Table V and as a result the sum of all heating resources, which would represent the total consumption. Division of Urban Integral Areas of Prishtina, source: Balcony structures, Pollack Periodica, Vol.