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If as a consequence of the deliberate nonobservance ,ey OSH provisions death or serious injury is caused to the worker or to a third person and the responsible person could have foreseen this result, the imprisonment penalty will be from 4 to 8 years in case of death and 3 to 6 in case of serious injury. The leading OSH legislation applies to all economic sectors and services, including all employers and employees under an employment relationship in the private and public sector dst the country, Armed Forces and National Police key, and self-employed persons.

The person who deliberately violate OSH provisions and being legally obliged to comply with them, and having been notified previously by the competent authority because of the lack of adoption of measures foreseen in the labour provisions and as a direct consequence to this nonobservance, have exposed the lives, health and physical integrity of their workers to an imminent risk shall be sanctioned with imprisonment from 1 to 4 years.

The right to withdraw with compensation is not explicitely stated in the law. Safety of workers of contractors, subcontractors, special services and cooperatives. Inspectors have the power to order the stoppage of on-going work or tasks which involve serious and imminent risk to the safety or health of workers, with lsy support of public force.

The employer, in consultation with workers and their representatives, must expose in writing the policy on safety and health at work, lej must be developed in accordance with the following points: There is a specific Resolution on physical, chemical, biological, ergonomics and psychosocial hazards that generate risks to the health of pregnant woman or to the development of the fetus.

In workplaces with less than twenty workers, zst appoint an OSH supervisor.

The employer must ensure internal communication of OSH information between different levels and positions of the undertaking. The Labour Inspection System provided by the Ministry of Labour and Employment Promotion is responsible for the proper implementation of laws and regulations relating to safety and health at work and risk prevention.

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It is explicitly stated in one of the principles the leading OSH law is based on that workers have the right to be protected by the state and the employers, who must ensure decent working conditions that continuously guarantee physically, mentally and socially healthy life.

The main OSH law on safety and health at work was passed in and its implementing regulations issued in Any natural or legal person, private or public entity, who employs one or more workers. The employer must update the assessment of risks at the workplace at least once per year. The functions of the OSH committee are as follows: Labour Inspectors have the function to practice any investigation, examination or test they deem necessary to ensure that health and safety laws are properly observed.

The employer must avoid exposing pregnant or lactating women to risks. The 297883 on whose premises the workers carry out activities together with workers of contractors, subcontractors, companies providing special services and cooperatives, or the person that assumes the main contract, must ensure the following: The employer establishes the measures and instructions to ensure that, in case of an imminent danger that involves a significant risk to the safety and health of workers, they can stop work, and even, if necessary, immediately leave the workplace.

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National OSH Committee, protection of pregnant and lactating women, sexual harassment, labour inspection, etc. The Labour Inspectorate has the function to carry out inspection and other duties assigned by the Socio-Legal System. In any of these cases, the costs shall be borne by the employer. The National Health Institute has the following functions: The labour inspectorate is responsible for supervising the compliance with safety and health work, demanding administrative responsibilities as appropriate, guiding and providing technical advice, and applying the penalties provided by Law No.

In workplaces where unions exist, the most representative trade unions calls for joint committee elections; otherwise the company is responsible for the call for elections. In order to design the OSH Management System, an initial evaluation or baseline study and diagnosis of the state of health and safety at work is performed.

Inspectors have the power to initiate an infringement procedure by applying sanctions. The Labour Inspectorate is responsible to make sure that there is an accurate compliance with OSH legislation. General Office of Internal Audit 3. Purpose of the national OSH Policy The State is required, in consultation with the most representative organizations of employers and workers to formulate, implement and periodically review a national OSH policy, which is aimed at preventing accidents and injury to the health occurring during work, by minimizing the causes of hazards inherent to the working environment, as far as it is reasonable and feasible.

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Employers are under the obligation to record accidents, occupational diseases and dangerous incidents which have taken place at the workplace. To fulfil its objectives, the National Health Institute has the following organizational structure:. In addition, there are several pieces of legislation regulating occupational safety and health in the mining sector and for dock workers.

Employers must provide a medical examination to workers every two years to be paid by the employer. OSH representatives are entitled to a working day licence per year in order to exercise their functions.

Safety of workers of contractors, subcontractors, special services and cooperatives The employer on whose premises the workers carry out activities together with workers of contractors, subcontractors, companies providing special services and cooperatives, or the person that assumes the main contract, must ensure the following: Furthermore, there is a Law No.

The resources of the National Institute of Health are the following:. Workers have the right to be transferred in case of occupational accident or disease to another post involving less risk to their safety and health, without any prejudice to their remunerative rights and category; with exception to absolute permanent disability.

Inspectors have the power to require work involving serious and imminent risk to safety and health of workers to stop. The employer must ensure the effective usage by workers of personal protective equipment.

Workers are under the obligation to comply with OSH related legislation. The labour inspectors must include in their inspection visits workers, workers’ representatives, experts and technicians, and representatives of the joint committees when it is necessary for the best development of the inspection function in safety and health at work. Self-employed workers fall under ast scope of the definition of worker provided by the Law.

Meeting minutes are prepared and must be 29738 in the book for minutes. The functions of the OSH committee are as follows:. However, there is a general provision on compensations establishing that the failure of the employer’s duty to prevent occupational risks generates the obligation to pay compensation to victims.

A copy of the meeting minutes is delivered to all OSH committee members and to the highest body of management of the employer. The law defines worker as anyone who carries out a subordinate or autonomous work activities for a private employer or the State.